The Appaloosa is one of the most well known of the American spotted horse breeds, and this particular coloring was developed by the Nez Perce Indians, a tribe living around the Palouse River districts of the far north-west.
This interesting horse breed has partly-colored skin, and striped hooves. The patterns of spots vary, the most usual being dark spots scattered over a white patch on hips and loins.
Red Indians always seemed to appreciate horses of spectacular or 'broken' coloring, partly for the fine show they made, partly because the light and shade of the coat pattern acted as natural camouflage, but in the States the two-colored Pinto or Paint horse has only become generally popular in recent years.
Two variations are now recognized, the black and white Overo, and the Tobiano, which is brown and white or white with any color except black.
These colorings, in Britain known as piebald and skewbald, have always been favorites with gypsies and tinkers, especially in Ireland, but it is a liking shared by many people other than the 'travelers'.
Within the last eighty years a vogue has started for promoting and registering horse breeds and ponies of the same specific coloring, although often of different type.
The majority of the Societies and Associations with this aim are in America and' Canada, but in 1963 the British Spotted Horse and Pony Society was revived to encourage breeding of animals showing the same' unmistakable, attractive coat patterns.
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